External Resources

Violence is not a new tool.  This seemingly unfathomable phenomenon has been used throughout history by both state and non-state actors.

Studying its use, particularly the stages demonstrated by al Qaeda, Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), and ISIS, benefits all in our global community.

Al Qaeda’s use of violence presented future users its possibilities; AQIM demonstrated its scalability and ISIS showcased its usability.

The tools identified below offer resources that can assist citizen analysts’ research into those stages, as they improve their understanding of its use and embark on their own independent study.

If you know additional tools that would benefit our community, submit to [email protected]